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Winter Hardy Roses 


S - T




Plant Name (linked to Help Me Find Roses) introduced by, where created, date introduced, rose type, parentage, height x width, flower description, fragrance, bloom cycle:  June, July, August/September, hardiness zone, ARS rating.  Comments.  Awards.  


St. Alben's Gem ----, ----, ----, Shrub, ----, --' x --', mauve, very double, -- petals, --" in diameter, in clusters of -- - --, fragrant, repeats: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4, ARS ---. (Vanderkruk, 2000) 


St. Cecilia David Austin, England, 1987, English Shrub, 'Wife of Bath' x seedling, 3' x 2.5', pale buff apricot turning almost white, cupped, weak stems ("the stems are slightly arching so that the flowers bend forward to reach out to you in a most pleasing manner") double flowers --" in diameter (medium), singly or in clusters of 3 - 12, powerful myrrh fragrance '***', repeats: ----, ----, ----, to zone (a bit tender but survives in 5B) --, ARS ---. A little prone to rust and mildew. Austin's Overall Assessment '****'


St. Partick

St. Patrick

St. Patrick


Salita Kordes, Germany, 1987, Climber, Parentage unknown, 8' x 3', light - flaming orange-red, double, -- petals, --" in diameter (medium), slight fragrance, repeats: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 5, ARS ---. Glossy Kordes-type foliage'


Sally Holmes Holmes, UK, 1976, Hybrid Musk, Shrub/Climber (in warmer zones), 'Ivory Fashion' x 'Ballerina', 5' x 4', creamy white flowers blushed with pink and gold, with golden stamens, , single, with 5 petals,, 3-3.5" in diameter (large), borne in large clusters, lovely slight fragrance, repeats (reliable and rapid repeat): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4, ARS 8.9. Extremely popular. "Raised by an amateur hybridist called Holmes." (Macoboy, 1993) Royal National Rose Society Trial Ground Certificate 1975, Belfast Certificate of Merit 1979, Baden-Baden Gold Medal 1980, Glasglow Fragrance Award 1993, Portland Gold Medal 1993 Highly recommended. (Vanderkruk, 2000) 


Santana Tantau, Germany, 1985, Climber, Parentage unknown, 9' x 3', rich red blooms, semi-double, 20 petals, --" in diameter (medium - large), no fragrance, repeats (steady supply of blooms): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone (impervious to winter) 5, ARS ---. Lush glossy foliage. 


Sarah Van Fleet Walter Van Fleet, USA, 1926, Hybrid Rugosa, Reported to be 'Rosa rugosa' x Hybrid Tea 'My Maryland', 4' x 4', clear pink with creamy stamens semi-double flowers, 3" in diameter produced in small clusters, fragrant, good repeat until autumn, hardy to zone 2 - 4, ARS ---. Wrinkled dull green foliage, prone to mildew and rust in the autumn. Does not set hips. Large sharp thorns.



Scabrosa, also 'Superba', Introduced by Harkness, United Kingdom, 1950, Hybrid Rugosa, Parentage unknown, under 6' x --', mauve-pink single flowers that contain 5 petals, --" in diameter produced in small clusters, fragrance like a carnation, most remondant of the rugosas - always in bloom, hardy to zone 2 - 3, ARS ---. Wrinkled light green foliage. Autumn large round red hips. Large sharp thorns. Discovered by Harkness probably prior to 1939. Virtually immune to disease. Roots well from softwood cuttings taken early in the season. Name means rough to the touch. Harness gives it a "*****" rating, his highest. (Harkness, 1978). 


Scarlet Meidiland Meilland, France, 1987, Meidiland Shrub, 'MEItiraca' x 'Clair Matin', 3' x 6' tall ground cover, light cherry red (carmine-pink underside) semi-double, 20-petalled flowers 1.5" in diameter produced in large clusters, no fragrance, repeats: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4, ARS ---. Frankfurt Gold Medal 1989. Tolerates light shade. 


Scarlet Pearl Mander, ----, 1992, Floribunda, ---- x ----, --' x --' (compact), red with prominent white eye, ----, -- petals, --" in diameter, produced in clusters of --, ---- , repeats: ---, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4, ARS ---. (Vanderkruk, 2000) 


Scharlachglut, also 'Scarlet Fire' or 'Scarlet Glow' Kordes, Germany, 1952, Shrub, Hybrid Tea 'Poinsettia' x Gallica 'Alika', 8' x 8' as a shrub, 10 - 12' as a climber, large scarlet-crimson with golden stamens, single ---" in diameter produced in clusters, little fragrance, one long blooming in mid-summer, hardy to zone 4 - 5, ARS ---. Large orange-red round hips. Needs plenty of room as a shrub because it surrounds itself with long arching shoots. "A fair question would be whether the flowers are sufficient rent for the area taken up" (Harkness, 1978). Royal Horticultural Society Award for Garden Merit 1993. "'Alika' is known as R. gallica grandiflora and was brought from Russia in 1906." (Harkness, 1978) Bush looks more like a Modern Shrub than a Gallica rose.


Schneeflocke ----, Germany, 1997, Hybrid Rugosa, ----, 3' x 3', smooth white petals, semi-double flowers, --" in diameter produced in clusters of -- - --, ----, repeats: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4, ARS ---. "Not so rugosa-like plant." (Brace, 1999)


Schneekoppe ----, ----, ----, Hybrid Rugosa, ----, 3' x 3', white with a delicate lilac blush, prominent yellow stamens, semi-double flowers, --" in diameter produced in clusters of -- - --, ----, repeats (repeats well through season): ----, ----, ----, hardy (hardy) to zone --, ARS ---. "Bushy, hardy, numerous hips. A favorite." (Brace, 1999)


Schneezwerg, also 'Snow Dwarf' Peter Lambert, Germany, 1912, Hybrid Rugosa, Possibly 'Rosa rugosa' x hybrid of a Polyantha or 'R. bracteata', 5' x 5', snow white flowers with golden stamens, semi-double, in small clusters of 3 - 10, 2" in diameter, very fragrant, repeat: summer to autumn, hardy to zone 2 - 3, ARS ---. Weatherproof blooms. Disease resistent rugosa-like foliage. Orange round hips. Name means 'Snow Dwarf'. Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit 1993. 


Sea Foam Schwartz, USA, 1964, Climber, Rambler, Groundcover, (['White Dawn' x 'Pinocchio'] x ['White Dawn' x 'Pinocchio']) x ('White Dawn' x 'Pinocchio'), 2-3' x 6', white to cream, cupped, double flowers, 2-2.5" in diameter, in clusters of -- - --, delicate fragrance, repeats (borne repeatedly): ----, ----, ----, hardy (hardy) to zone --, ARS ---. "Moderately thorny canes with abundant, small, leathery, glossy leaves." Usually used as a groundcover or weeping standard. Looks nice trailing down embankments. "The blooms cannot sustain bad weather conditions and this rose is more suitable for warmer climates with low rainfall. There is another 'Seafoam', bred by William Paul in 1919, which is said to be a seedling of 'Mermaid'." (Olds, 1998) Rome Gold Medal 1963, American Rose Society David Fuerstenberg Prize 1968 


Seagull Pritchard, UK, 1907, Multiflora Climber, Rambler, 'Rosa multiflora' x 'General Jacqueminot', 12' x 5', pure white, with golden stamens, semi-double flowers, --" in diameter (small), in clusters of -- - -- (huge trusses), Multiflora fragrance, once (long July season): summer, hardy to zone 5, ARS ---. Replaced as the most popular white climber by 'Sander's White', descended from 'Rosa wichuraiana'. Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit 1993


September Song Dr. Griffith Buck, Ames, Iowa, 19--, Shrub, -----, --' x --', orange red, double, 25 - 35 petals, in clusters of 5 - 8, --" in diameter, fragrant, repeat: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4, ARS ---.




Serendipity Dr. Griffith Buck, Ames, Iowa, 1978, Shrub, -----, --' x --', orange blend, shallow cupped, double, -- petals, in clusters of -- - --, --" in diameter, fragrant, repeat (continuous bloomer): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4 (hardy), ARS ---. (Vanderkruk, 2000) 


Seven Sisters ----, Japan, 1817, Multiflora Climber, Rambler, Parentage unknown, 8' x 4', emerges purple crimson, fading through at least 7 shades to white for a variegated effect, very double, 2" in diameter, in clusters up to 7, fruity scent, once: long July season, hardy to zone 4 - 5 with protection - sensitive to cold, ARS ---. (Vanderkruk, 2000) 



Sevilliana Dr. Griffith Buck, Ames, Iowa, 1976, Shrub, ('Vera Dalton' x 'Dornroschen') x (['World's Fair' x 'Floradora'] x 'Applejack'), 4' x --', claret-rose, with a yellow base, red freckles on petals, slightly cupped, semi-double, 15-20 petals, --" in diameter, in large solid trusses, fragrant, repeat (constant bloomer): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4 (hardy), ARS ---. "Masses of bright red hips." (Olds, 1998) (Vanderkruk, 2000) 


Sevillana Meidiland

Sevillana Meidiland


Sexy Rexy

Sexy Rexy (not a good photo)


Shades of Autumn

Shades of Autumn


Sharifa Asma David Austin, England, 1989, English Shrub, 'Mary Rose' x an early English Rose 'Admired Miranda', 3' x 2', soft pink in color with a tough of gold at the petal base, outside petals are more pale, shallow cupped, very double, 50 - 100 petals, --" in diameter, in clusters of -- - --, delicious myrrh fragrance '***', repeats: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone --, ARS ---. The petals are delicate and can quickly dehydrate under hot sunny conditions. "It was named for a member of the Omani royal family." (Olds, 1998) Austin's overall Assessment '****'

Sheer Bliss

Sheer Bliss


Showy Pavement Baum, Germany, 1990, Hybrid Rugosa, ----, 2' x 3', pink, --" in diameter (large for its size) produced in clusters of -- - --, ----, repeats (repeats well): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone --, ARS ---.






Signature (not winter hardy without protection)



Silver Shadows

Silver Shadows


Simon Fraser Ogilvie, Canada, 1992, Shrub, ('Bonanza' x ['Arthur Bell' x ('Red Dawn' x 'Suzanne')]) x ('Single Kordesii' x ['Red Dawn' x 'Suzanne'] x 'Champlain'), 2' x 2', clear pink petals, single or semi-double flowers (6 - 14 petals, depending on the weather), --" in diameter produced in small clusters of -- - --, slightly fragrant, repeats: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 3, ARS ---. Canadian Explorer Series "The foliage is dark green and semi-glossy on an upright plant with some prickles that is extremely winter hardy." (Olds, 1998) (Vanderkruk, 2000) 



Simplicity (not winter hardy without protection)



Singin' in the Rain

Singin' in the Rain


Sir Edward Elgar David Austin, England, 1992, English Shrub, 'Mary Rose' x 'The Squire', 3.5' x 2', crimson-cerise, cupped, double, 40 - 50 petals, --" in diameter, in clusters of -- - --, slight fragrance '*', repeats: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4, ARS --. This variety is named in honor of the great English composer, Sir Edward Elger (1857 - 1934)." (Austin, 1996) Austin's overall Assessment '***'


Sir Thomas Lipton

Sir Thomas Lipton Van Fleet, USA, 1900, Hybrid Rugosa, 'Rosa rugosa alba' x Polyantha 'Clotilde Soupert', 5' x 6', pure white flowers with ----- stamens, cupped, double, in clusters of 10 - 15, 3" in diameter, very fragrant, repeat: heavy, moderate, moderate, hardy to zone 3-4, ARS ---. Disease resistent rugosa-like foliage.


Sleeping Beauty, also 'Dornroschen', Kordes, Germany, 1960, Shrub, 'Pikes Peak' x 'Ballet', one of the grandparents is 'R. acicularis', 4-5' x --', hot raspberry-pink, with yellow reverse, high centered, fully double, in clusters of -- - --, --" in diameter, very fragrant, repeat: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4, ARS ---. An attractive bush with glossy, dark green foliage. 


Smarty Ilsink, The Netherlands, 1979, Groundcover, 'Yesterday' x seedling, 2.5' x 5', pink, near single, 7 - 10 petals, --" in diameter (small), in medium-sized clusters of ----, modest fragrance, repeat (is fast and there is no need to remove spent blooms to promote the next bloom cycle): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4, ARS ---. "Low growing, wide-spreading, hardy and vigorous bush that is easy to grow; it makes an ideal groundcover. There are many small prickles." (Olds, 1998)


Smooth Lady

Smooth Lady Davidson, USA, 1986, Hybrid Tea, 'Smooth Sailing' x (['Polly' x 'Peace'] x 'Circus'), 5-6' x 4', pink, double, 21 - 40 petals, --" in diameter (medium), fragrant, repeat: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 5 (Hardy to -40 - -30), ARS ---. Thornless stems, mid-green leaves


Smooth Velvet

Smooth Velvet Davidson, USA, 1986, Hybrid Tea, 'Smooth Sailing' x (['Polly' x 'Peace'] x ''Red Devil'), 7' x 4', dark red, cup-shaped, double, 42 petals, --" in diameter (large), light Damask fragrance, repeat: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 5 (Hardy to -40 - -30), ARS ---. Thornless stems, light-green leaves. Have had trouble with balling.


Snowdon Austin, UK, 1989, Hybrid Rugosa, Parentage unknown, but Noisette x Rugosa Alba, 7' x 7', creamy white double, in clusters of -- - --, 2" in diameter, ----, repeat: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 5, ARS ---. "I prefer this over Sir Thomas Lipton for a large white type." (Brace, 1999) 


Soleil D' Or Pernet-Ducher, France, 1900, first in the class of Pernetianas now incorporated into the Large-flowered Roses - Hybrid Tea, (Seedling of 'Antoine Ducher' x 'Rosa foetida' persiana) x Large flowered Rose, --' x --', orange-yellow to tawny gold-shaded red flowers with --- stamens, double, cupped and flattish flowers, --" in diameter, exceptional fragrance, repeats, hardy to zone 4 - 5, ARS ---. "Flowers may be pretty, but the bush is weak and the glossy, rich green foliage is rather addicted to blackspot." (Macoboy, 1993) "Pernet-Ducher reported that he began to breed with 'Persian Yellow' in 1883, and after making hundred of crosses, the first seeds he germinated were a few from 'Antoine Ducher' x 'R. foetida persiana' in 1888. 'Antoine Ducher' was a red Hybrid Perpetual raised by his father-in-law and predecessor, and introduced in 1866; there's a sentimental little family story if one cared to weave it." "Most modern roses flower a second time, or even more often in the season. We carelessly say 'perpetual' and the French more accurately 'remontant'. When you cross two such roses and sow the resultant seeds, the little seedlings immediately produce a flowering shoot, and bear their first flowers when they are only about three months old. But it is different if you cross two roses of which one is a sort that only flowers once in the year. In that case all the seedlings take after the summer flowering parent, whether it was the mother or father, and they bear no flowers at all in their first year. The exceptions to that rule are few. Pernet-Ducher may not have had exact knowledge of this, although I imagine he had a good idea of it, for he must have had a working knowledge of the behavior of summer flowering roses. It meant that his seedlings of 'Antoine Ducher' would initially be a disappointment, for they would bear no blooms in their first year. He planted the seedlings outdoors, and noticed in 1891 that one of them had semi-double flowers, pink and yellow. It appeared that these plants remained in situ until 1893, when a extraordinary stroke of luck crowned his work, almost as if nature had resolved to give him the yellow rose he had asked for so intelligently. A friend, Ernest Viviand-Morel, caused Joseph to show him this seeding with 'Persian Yellow' blood in it. When they arrived at it, they found close by a little seedling with small, double flowers, orange-yellow and red. No rosarian midwife attended the birth of this seedling, whose origin rests upon the deduction that one of the 'Antoine Ducher' x 'Rosa foetida persiana' hybrids had set seed, which fell and germinated. It was promptly cared for, and was first shown in Lyon in 1898 as 'Soleil d' Or'. Although it was not pure yellow, its color was sufficient to make it a sensation. As one who is used to the ways of nurseries, I have often thought how easy it would have been for some scrupulous worker to hoe that border clean of everything bar what had been planted in it, 'Soleil d' Or' and all." (Harkness, 1978)


Sommerwind, also 'Surry', Kordes, Germany, 1988, Polyantha, 'The Fairy' x seedling, 2.5' x 4', pink blooms with yellow stamens, frilled edges, semi-double,, in great clusters of -- - --, --" in diameter, ----, repeat (smothers itself): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone --, ARS ---. Dark-leafed, lovely. Used with very pleasing results when planted in large drifts in front of taller growing varieties." (Olds, 1998) 





Spanish Rhapsody

Spanish Rhapsody



Sparrieshoop Kordes, Germany, 1953, Shrub, ('Baby Chateau' x 'Else Poulsen') x 'Magnifica' (Sweet Briar), 5' x 4', clear pink, wavy petals, bright yellow stamens, almost single, 5 - 7 petals, 4" in diameter, in big sprays of -- - --, sweetly perfumed, repeat (covers itself all season long): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 5B, ARS 8.0. "Named for the village where Kordes' have their now famous nursery." (Olds, 1998) Portland Gold Medal 1971 (Vanderkruk, 2000) 


Spirit of Canada Fleming, Canada, 1995, Floribunda, ---- x ----, 3.5' x 3.5', scarlet , nearly single, 10 petals, --" in diameter, in clusters up to 8, ----, repeat (reblooming till frost): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone --, ARS --. Similar but more hardy than 'Morgenrot'. (Brace, 1999) 





Square Dancer

Square Dancer


Stanwell Perpetual

Stanwell Perpetual Lee, UK, 1838, Scots, Possibly a repeat-flowering Damask x Scots, 4' x 4', pale blush pink, flat and quilled, quartered, very double, 45 - 55 petals, 3-3.5" in diameter, blooms appear singly on very short stems, strong fragrance, repeat (flowers repeatedly): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 3-4, ARS 8.0. Graceful, arching, thorny, foliage small ferny, stems are very prickly. "Old wood should be cut from the base each season to stimulate growth." (Olds, 1998) "To repeat the plant must be well established in the garden." (Schneider, 1995) "Apparently arose as a chance seedling in the garden of a man called Lee, who lived in Stanwell, Middlesex." "Leave the bush to build itself up unpruned, to about chest high." (Macoboy, 1993) 


Suaveolens, also 'Alba Suaveolens', Parentage unknown, Pre-1750, Alba, 6' x 10', white, semi-double, in clusters of 2-5, 3.5" in diameter, wonderfully strong sweet fragrance, once in spring, hardy to zone 3 - 4, ARS: ---. "Graham Thomas and Peter Beales claim this is the same rose as 'Alba Semi-plena', while historians Roy Shepard and Gerry Kruger, who has the largest collection of Albas in the USA, say there is a difference. Photographs rarely help in these disputes. Kruger states that the inner petals do not have the anthers found in 'Alba semi-plena'; Trevor Griffiths concurs." (Olds, 1998) "In the heart of the Balkan mountains of Bulgaria is a steep valley bordering the Tundza River, which eventually spills into the Black Sea. This exotic valley is noteworthy in the history of rose growing, for this is Kazanlik, where the most famous "attar of roses" is made. In early summer the green valley transforms into a pastel carpet as the millions of roses needed to create this famous perfume come into bloom. The aromatic petals are collected and carefully distilled into a substance so highly prized that it was once available only to the nobility of the world. Very few roses contain enough natural fragrance to make the suitable for the Kazanlik essences. One of these is Kazanlik, a Damask rose named after the town of its origin. Another important variety is the alba rose 'Suaveolens". (Osborne, 1991) 'Alba Semi-Plena' is another of the roses used in the production of "attar of roses" at Kazanlik, Bulgaria. (Clements, 1999)



Summer Wind Buck, USA, 1975, Shrub, ----, --' x --', orange-pink, semi-double, 4" in diameter, produced in clusters 5 - 10, spicy fragrance, repeats: heavy, moderate, moderate, hardy to zone 4, ARS ---. (Vanderkruk, 2000) 


Summerwind, 'Surrey', 'Sommerwind', Kordes, Germany, 1988, Polyantha, ----, 2.5' x 4', soft pink blooms, ----, --" in diameter, produced in clusters -- - --, slightly fragrant, repeats (blossoms literally cover this wide spreading variety through the spring, summer and fall. Continual blooming): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone --, ARS ---. (Clements, 2000)


Sunbonnet Sue

Sunbonnet Sue Buck, USA, 1984, Shrub, ----, --' x --', yellow with stiples of scarlet, double, --" in diameter, produced in clusters -- - --, ----, repeats: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone -- (hardy), ARS ---. (Vanderkruk, 2000) 



Sunsprite (winter hardy to zone 5)



Super Star


Super Dorothy

Super Dorothy Hertzel, Germany, 1986, Wichuraiana Climber/Rambler, 'Dorothy Perkins' x unidentified repeat-flowering rose, 12 - 15' x --', powder-puff-pink, double flowers --" in diameter (small), produced in clouds that cover bush, moderately fragrant, repeats (blooms heavily through summer and fall): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4, ARS ---. "It looks wonderful on pillars, tripods and arbors." "Much more disease resistant than 'Dorothy Perkins'." (Olds,1998) (Vanderkruk, 2000) 


Suzanne Skinner, Canada, 1949, Hybrid Spinosissima, -----, 5.5' x 7', light pink blooms with ---- stamens, very double flowers 1" in diameter, produced in clusters 2 - 5, slightly fragrant, repeats: heavy, slight, slight, hardy to zone 3, ARS ---. No source located.


Swany Meilland, France, 1978, Groundcover, 'Rosa sempervirons' x 'Mile Marthe Carron', 1.5' x 6', pure white, cupped, very double, 95 petals, --"in diameter (pompons), produced in clusters that can cover the entire bush, no fragrance, repeats: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4, ARS ---. "Was probably a forerunner of the shrub 'Bonica' from the same breeder. It makes an ideal ground cover, even on a steep bank where the canes can tumble downwards. It derives its spreading habit from the species seed parent." (Olds, 1998)


Sweet Juliet David Austin, England, 1989, English Shrub, 'Graham Thomas' x 'Admired Miranda', 4' x 3', pure apricot fading to white, with button eye, cupped, fully double, over 40 petalled flowers 3-3.5" in diameter, in clusters of 3 - 7, strong Tea Rose fragrance '***', repeats: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 5, ARS ---. Recommended Grouping 3-5, remarkably disease-resistant. "Produces a thicket of canes in the autumn. It is a great pity that many of these late growths do not flower, since the spring flush is most prolific." (Olds, 1999) Austin's Overall Assessment '***'



Taboo  (not winter hardy without protection)


Tamora David Austin, England, 1983, English Shrub, 'Chaucer' x Rugosa 'Conrad Ferdinand Meyer', 2.5' x 2', apricot yellow shallow cupped fully double, over 40-petalled flowers ---" in diameter, strong myrrh fragrance '***', repeats: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 5, ARS ---. Recommended Grouping 3-5, remarkably disease-resistant. Austin's Overall Assessment '***'


Tausendschion Kiese/J. C. Schmidt, Germany, 1906, Multiflora Climber/Rambler, 'Daniel Lacombe' x 'Weiser Herumstreicher', 8-12' tall, deep rose pink with white centers fading to blush white, very double flowers 1.5" in diameter, slight fragrance, once blooming for three weeks in early summer, hardy to zone 5, ARS ---. Name means 'thousand beauties'. Heavy flowering. Nearly thornless. Good choice for pillar or arch in high traffic areas. Can be used as a ground cover. "In 1914 it gave rise to a sport, 'Echo' ('Baby Tausendschon'), a small repeat flowering bush classed as a Polyantha. In its turn, 'Echo' produced a series of more brightly colored sports, culminating in the orange 'Margo Koster'" (Macoboy, 1993). "Its ancestry includes the red Hybrid Perpetual 'General Jacqueminot' and 'Paquerette'" (Olds, 1998).


The Alexandra Rose David Austin, England, 1992, English Shrub, ('Shropshire Lass' x 'Shropshire Lass') x 'Heritage' related to Alba roses, 4.5' x 4', coppery pink with a pale yellow center, airy stamens, single, 5 petalled flowers, ---" in diameter (small-medium), in large clusters, slight fragrance '*', repeats: ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone (extremely hardy) --, ARS ---. Recommended Grouping 1, 3 or more, "Named for the Alexandera Rose Day charity which raises money in Britain for various voluntary organizations." (Austin, 1996) Disease-resistant. Austin's Overall Assessment '****' 


The Fairy

The Fairy Bentall, UK, 1932, Polyantha, 'Paul Crampel' x 'Lady Gay' (a cross between a Polyantha and Wichuraiana hybrid), 2.5' x 4', light rose pink, rosette-shaped, fully double, 24 - 30 petalled flowers 1-1.5" in diameter, in clusters, no fragrance, repeats begins late then absolute profusion): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4, ARS ---. Abundant leaves that are light to medium green and glossy. "Few roses are easier to grow." disease proof" (Macoboy, 1999).


The Pilgrim David Austin, England, 1991, English Shrub, 'Graham Thomas' x 'Yellow Button', 3.5' x 3', pale yellow rosette shaped, very double, a multitude of small petals, ---" in diameter (quite large), in clusters, strong stems, pleasing fragrance '**', repeats (continues through summer to autumn): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone --, ARS ---. Recommended Grouping 3 or more, "The rose is no chance seedling. I had always felt that a cross between 'Graham Thomas' and 'Yellow Button' would produce a rose that had both beauty and vigor. Unfortunately, however, it was a difficult cross to make, as 'Yellow Button' produces very little pollen and no seed. Only by taking pollen from hundreds of flowers could we obtain enough for breeding. Initial results failed to realize the potential of such a match but eventually a rose appeared that fulfilled my highest hopes. A rose as good as 'The Pilgrim' is an all too rare reminder that the many years of work are well worth it in the end." (Austin, 1996) Austin's Overall Assessment '****' 


The Prince

The Prince David Austin, England, 1990, English Shrub, 'Lilian Austin' x 'The Squire', 2.5' x 3', deepest richest crimson to rich royal purple ages to a crispy black purple, true rosette, very double, ---" in diameter (large), in clusters, strong Old Rose fragrance '***', repeats (well): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone -- (cane hardy through 5), ARS ---. Recommended Grouping 3 or more, "Olds, 1998 writes poorly of this rose, but I have found it to be an excellent growing, very enjoyable, care free rose to grow. Austin's Overall Assessment '****'


The Reeve David Austin, England, 1979, English Shrub, 'Lilian Austin' x 'Chaucer', 3.5' x 4', deep pink, dusky rose pink, intensely dark pink, darkest pink imaginable, true rosette, very double, 58 petals,, ---" in diameter (large), in clusters up to 5, strong Old Rose fragrance '***', repeats (good repeat): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone --, ARS ---. Recommended Grouping 3 or more, "Growth is gracefully arching, with small sharp thorns. This rose is best planted in a group." (Austin, 1996) Austin's Overall Assessment '*' "It is named for one of the characters in Chaucer's 'Canterbury Tales'." (Schneider, 1995)


Therese Bauer Ludwig, USA, 1963, Hybrid Rugosa/Setigera, ('Hansa' x Rosa setigera) x Rosa setigera, 4' x 6', medium pink, semi-double flowers 3" in diameter, in clusters of 5 - 10, repeats: heavy, moderate, moderate, slight - strong fragrance, hardy to zone 4, ARS ---. Very vigorous upright growth. 


Therese Bugnet

Therese Bugnet

Therese Bugnet Bugnet, Canada, 1950, Hybrid Rugosa, (['Rosa acicularis' x 'R. rugosa kamtchatica'] x ['R. amblyotis' x 'R. rugosa plena']) x 'Betty Bland', 6' x 6', reddish-pink, doubly, 36 wavy petals, 3.5" in diameter, in clusters of 2 - 5, repeats: heavy, slight, slight, excellent sweet fragrance, hardy to zone 2, ARS ---. This is a vigorous, hardy plant whose complicated breeding line includes some of the wild roses best able to withstand Canadian winters." "The raiser named it for a close member of the family." (Olds, 1998) Nearly thornless. Canes turn deep red with the coming of cold weather. Not known for its hips. 





Topaz Jewel


Topaz Jewel


Touch of Class

Touch of Class

Touch of Class


Turbo Meilland, France, 1994, Hybrid Rugosa, ('Frau Dagmar Hastrup' x 'Manou Meilland') x 'Pink Grootendorst', 2.5 - 6' x --', fuchsia pink, semi-double 20+ petals, --" in diameter (medium - large), in clusters of -- - --, repeats (profuse blooming): ----, ----, ----, light fragrance, hardy to zone -- (winter hardy), ARS ---. Romantica Series. Very vigorous and disease resistant. Semi-glossy leaves. Most Outstanding. "Unique lime green foliage tinged with red when young (Brace, 1999). 


Turlock High yellow miniature mentioned in article by Bill Buckles, Iowa. (Clements, 2000) No source located.


Tuscany Superb ----, ----, ----, Gallica, Sport of Tuscany, 4' x 3', crimson to dark purple, yellow stamens, double, --" in diameter, ----, once: summer, hardy to zone --, ARS ---. "'Tuscany Superb', is preferred by many to the original. The flowers are larger, the scent is sweeter and the foliage more luxuriant." (Macoboy, 1993) 


Two Sisters Williams, ----, 1994, Shrub, 'The Fairy' x 'Seven Sisters' 5' x 6', pale pink fading to white, double, 26-40 petals, 2" in diameter (pompons), slightly fragrant, repeats (while never giving a big flush, always seems to have a respectable number): ----, ----, ----, hardy to zone 4-5, ARS ---. "The leaves are small and shiny and the habit can be a bit rangy, inviting some disciplinary pruning." (Brace, 1999) "Spreader to 4'." (Vanderkruk, 2000) 




A large percentage of the above information has been obtained from the following resources.  I really recommend these books or pamphlets for your own personal library.  They are all wonderful sources of information.


Austin, David, 1993 & 1996, David Austin's English Roses, Little,

Brown and Company, London.


Olds, Margaret, et al, 1998, Botanica's Roses, The Encyclopedia of Roses, Welcome Rain Publishers.


Brace, Lloyd, 1999, The Roseraie at Bayfields, Practical Roses

for Hard Places, Woldoboro Maine.


Browne, Jim, et al, 1995, Rose Gardening, Pantheon Books, Knoph

Publishing, New York.


Christopher, Tom, 1999, Easy Roses for North American Gardens,

Reader's Digest Association, Inc..


Clements, John and Louise, 1999, Heirloom Old Garden Roses, St.

Paul, Oregon.


Macoboy, Stirling, 1993, The Ultimate Rose Book, Harry Abrams,

New York


Harkness, Jack, 1978, Roses, J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London.


Hawthorne, Linden, 1996, Roses, D. K. Publishing, New York.


Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc., 1998, Buck Roses, Hardy roses developed by Dr. Griffith Buck, Iowa State Pamplet.


Osborne, Robert, et al, 1991, Hardy Roses, Garden Way Publishing.


Schneider, Peter, Editor, 1995, Taylor's Guide to Roses, Houghton Mifflin Company, New York.


Schneider, Peter, 1995, on Roses, Macmillan,New York.


Vanderkruk, Bill, 2000, Hortico, Waterdown, Ontario, Canada.


Weaver, Mary C., 1998, Roses a growing guide for easy, colorful

gardens, Macmillan, USA


Zusek, Kathy, et al, 1995, Roses for the North, Minnesota

Agricultural Experimental Station, University of Minnesota,

Report 237-1995.


© 2001 - Elko Rose Garden Association